sensus

slovenia

skoka

karst

Teran (Refošk) from
Kras was historically prized for its medicinal properties and is one
of Slovenia’s only protected origin wines.

 

The Štoka farm is located in the village of Krajna

Vas, miles from the Adriatic and NE of Trieste. The

Kras (Carso in Italy) is Europe’s first recognized cross

border wine region, with both countries following

similar production rules. In total, only  ha of vines

are planted between the  countries, the result of

various human and natural events. Oak forests once

dominated the land, until they were cut down to build

ships and the city of Venice. The resulting erosion and

the famously strong burja winds blew the topsoil away

and forced farmers to build griže (stonewalls) and kali

(small lakes) to collect the kali (rain) and to transport

precious topsoil to protected areas.

 

Coupled with the regions already soluble bedrock of

limestone and dolomite and lack of surface water, the

Kras is riddled with sinkholes, cenotes, and massive

underground caves, forming one of the most unique

terroirs in the world. In addition to producing wine,

the Štoka family also raise cattle and pigs, with their

pršut (air-dried ham) the perfect compliment to their

wines.Primož Štoka bottled his first wine in , just

before Slovenia’s separation from former Yugoslavia,

and today his son Tadej works alongside him.

 

Teran (Refošk) from Kras was historically prized for

its medicinal properties and is one of Slovenia’s only

protected origin wines. Large amounts of aluminum

and iron oxide in the Karst soil colors its unique red

provides unusually high iron content to the wines.

 

The Štoka family farms hectares, with Teran

accounting for about half with the remainder planted

to Vitovska, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and

Merlot, with most vineyards about  feet above sea

level and sheltered by young oak forests that help tame

the cool northerly winds, and trap the warm air of

the Adriatic. All vineyards are dry-farmed, fertilized

only with cow manure when necessary, and worked by

hand. Vines Average years, are single gyot trained

to  plants per hectare. Yields are severely restricted

and green harvest is typically performed in the Spring

and again before veraison

 

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